單親家長尤其是單親媽媽 大部分睡眠不足


  【24drs.com】根據疾病控制與預防中心(CDC)的新資料,美國的單親家長,尤其是單親媽媽,大部分是睡眠不足的一群。
  
  CDC全國健康統計中心的Colleen Nugent博士和Lindsey Black在1月6日的資料簡報指出,在18歲以下孩童的家庭中,研究顯示,過去幾十年來,單親家庭的比率增加到32%。
  
  研究顯示,單親家長的經濟來源比較少,他們的報告發現,睡眠問題是單親家庭另一個不利情況。
  
  研究者分析了參與2013-2014年國民健康訪問調查的18-64歲美國成人代表樣本的資料。
  
  他們發現,單親家長,尤其是單親媽媽, 比其他類型家庭的成年人更容易睡眠不足、難以入睡與維持睡眠、經常醒來而感到沒有得到很好的休息。
  
  資料顯示,女性中,有18歲以下小孩的單親媽媽,43.5%的夜間睡眠少於建議的7小時,這比率高於雙親家庭的成人(31.2%)和沒有小孩的成人(29.7%)。
  
  男性中,有幼童的單親爸爸,37.5%的夜間睡眠少於7小時,這比率高於沒有小孩的成人(32.3%)。
  
  和小孩同住的單親媽媽,近四分之一(23.8%)表示經常難以入睡,和小孩同住的單親爸爸也有17.3%如是表示,這比率都高於雙親家庭的成人與沒有小孩的成人,單親家長也更可能會經常難以維持睡眠。
  
  約半數單親家長表示,過去一週經常醒來而感到休息不夠,雙親家庭的成人中,則是每10名成人中只有4人如此;沒有小孩的成人則是約有三分之一如此。
  
  研究者報告指出,在每個家庭類型中,女性比男性更可能經常難以入睡與維持睡眠、且經常醒來而感到休息不夠。
  
  至於使用睡眠輔助方面,雙親家庭中,有3.9%的成人表示,在過去一週,至少有4次服用藥物幫助入睡或維持睡眠,而沒有和小孩同住的成人則是有7.9%如此,單親家長有7.3%如此。
  
  Nugent和Black在簡報中表示,對任何年齡層而言,睡眠都會影響多方面的健康與生活品質。沒有足夠的夜間睡眠與睡眠品質不佳,與一些健康問題的風險增加有關,包括糖尿病與心臟病、心智健康疾病(如憂鬱症),也會造成駕駛和職場上的意外。
  
  他們指出,獲得充足睡眠是全國性的健康目標,也是公衛的優先事項。
  
  資料來源:http://www.24drs.com/
  
  Native link:Single Parents, Moms Especially, Most Sleep-Deprived

Single Parents, Moms Especially, Most Sleep-Deprived

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

Single parents, especially mothers, are the most sleep-deprived group in the United States, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Among families with children younger than 18 years, research has shown that the percentage of single-parent families has increased to 32% over the past several decades, Colleen Nugent, PhD, and Lindsey Black, MPH, from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, note in their January 6 data brief.

"Research has shown that single parents have fewer financial resources and this report finds that sleep is another domain in which single-parent families are disadvantaged," they add.

The researchers analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of US adults 18 to 64 years old who participated in the 2013–2014 National Health Interview Survey.

They found that single parents, especially mothers, were more likely than adults in other types of families to have short sleep duration, frequently have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep, and frequently wake up feeling not well rested.

Among women, 43.5% of single mothers who live with children under the age of 18 sleep less than the recommended 7 hours of nightly sleep, which is higher than for adults in 2-parent families (31.2%) and adults living without children (29.7%), the data suggest.

Among men, 37.5% of single fathers with young children get fewer than 7 hours sleep nightly — more than adults living without children (32.3%).

Nearly a quarter (23.8%) of single mothers who live with children report frequently having trouble falling asleep, as do 17.3% of single fathers with kids in the house, which is higher than for adults in 2-parent families and adults without children. Single parents were also more likely to frequently have trouble staying asleep.

Public Health Priority

Roughly half of single parents report frequently waking up feeling not well rested in the past week, compared with only 4 in 10 adults in 2-parent families and one third of adults without children.

Within every family type, women were more likely than men to "frequently" have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep and to frequently wake up feeling not well rested, the researchers report.

As for use of sleep aids, 3.9% of adults in 2-parent families reported taking medication to help them fall asleep or stay asleep at least 4 times in the past week, compared with 7.9% of adults living without children and 7.3% of single parents.

Sleep affects many aspects of well-being and quality of life for people of all ages. Not getting enough nightly sleep and poor-quality sleep has been linked to increased risk for physical health problems, including diabetes and heart disease, mental health issues (such as depression), and driving and workplace accidents, Nugent and Black note in their brief.

"Getting sufficient sleep is a national health objective and a public health priority," they point out.

The authors have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

NCHS Data Brief. Published online January 6, 2016.

    
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