你的寵物讓你半夜睡不好嗎?


  【24drs.com】和寵物一起睡會感到溫暖,但是可能無法一夜好眠,根據一篇新研究,和寵物一起睡會導致睡眠品質不好。
  
  美國堪薩斯大學醫學中心的Sowjanya Duthuluru醫師表示,如果有人說他失眠,問看看他是否養寵物且和寵物一起睡覺,如果是,那就可能是造成他睡眠問題的原因。
  
  Duthuluru醫師在聯合專業睡眠協會、SLEEP 2014年會發表研究結果。
  
  Duthuluru醫師解釋,以前有研究探討嬰幼童和父母親一起睡對雙親睡眠品質的影響,這次是首度探討寵物影響的研究。
  
  她們對在家庭醫學科診所候診的298名成人進行有關寵物和睡眠品質的調查。報告指出,有養寵物的148人中,將近三分之一(30%)表示每晚至少醒來一次。
  
  Duthuluru醫師表示,超過半數飼主(54%)和狗(58%)或貓(42%)同房或同床睡,總共有57%飼主和毛小孩一起睡,是相當高的比率。
  
  四分之三飼主是和單一隻寵物同床睡,四分之一飼主和兩隻寵物同床睡,大部分表示每週有一天晚上和寵物同床睡,而有8%表示每週有4天或更多天和寵物睡;根據「Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index」量表,這些人的睡眠品質不佳(P = .03)。
  
  這些飼主中,5%表示難以維持睡眠或者被寵物吵醒後難以再度入睡。
  
  Duthuluru醫師表示,對有失眠病史的患者詢問是否有養寵物,將會發現失眠背後的潛在因素。
  
  該研討會中發表的另一篇相關研究也認為,寵物最好不要進入臥室。
  
  亞歷桑那州鳳凰城梅約診所睡眠醫學中心Lois Krahn醫師等人在綜合睡眠問卷中調查了110名病患的寵物飼養情況,詢問寵物類型與數量、寵物睡哪、任何值得一提的行為、寵物在晚上是否會吵鬧。
  
  他們發現,46%的病患有寵物且42%有超過1隻,大部份是養犬、貓或鳥,其中有一個家庭養5隻狗和1隻貓。
  
  研究者表示,10%的飼主在調查中表示,曾經在晚上因為寵物在室內遊蕩、打鼾、嗚咽、或想要「去外面」,而干擾他們的睡眠,有一個人養的鸚鵡固定在早上6點開始啼叫。
  
  他們結論指出,睡眠專家應該詢問病患的寵物飼養情況,以幫助患者找到解決睡眠問題的最適當方法。
  
  未參與研究的Christopher Winter醫師表示,就我個人的觀點,病患通常會說「我養的這隻老狗會打呼且每15分鐘就要上廁所,我該怎麼辦?」我的第一個想法一定是,讓寵物在臥室外面。
  
  維吉尼亞州Charlottesville Martha Jefferson醫院睡眠醫學中心、醫療主任、美國睡眠醫學院會員Winter醫師表示,寵物不應該是床伴,我們不要讓孩子和我們睡,但是有某些人基於某些原因認為寵物不一樣,而寵物實際上在對睡眠的影響等許多方面比孩子還糟糕。
  
  資料來源:http://www.24drs.com/professional/list/content.asp?x_idno=7090&x_classno=0&x_chkdelpoint=Y
  

Is Your Pet Keeping You Up at Night?

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

MINNEAPOLIS — Sharing the bed with your pet may give you a warm feeling but not a good night's sleep, according to a new research finding that cosleeping with pets can lead to poor sleep quality.

"If someone has insomnia, check if they have a pet and where the pet sleeps. If the pet sleeps in the bed, it may be a contributing factor to their sleep problems," Sowjanya Duthuluru, MD, from University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City, noted in an interview with Medscape Medical News.

She presented the findings here at SLEEP 2014, the 28th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

"Previous studies have looked at the impact of infants and children sleeping in the parents' bed on sleep quality, but this is really the first study that has looked at pets," Dr. Duthuluru explained.

Annoying at Night

She and her colleagues had 298 consecutive adults in the waiting room of a family practice clinic complete a survey about their pets and sleep quality.

Of the 148 pet owners, nearly one third (30%) reported being awakened at least once per night by their pet, Dr. Duthuluru reported.

More than half of pet owners (54%) said they shared their bed or bedroom with their dog (58%) or cat (42%). Fifty-seven percent admitted to sharing the bed with their furry friend, which is "quite a lot," Dr. Duthuluru told Medscape Medical News.

Three quarters shared the bed with a single pet and one quarter had 2 pets in bed with them. Most said they slept 1 night per week with their pet in the bed, but 8% did so 4 or more nights per week; these people had poor sleep quality on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (P = .03).

Among all pet owners, 5% reported difficulty maintaining sleep or having trouble falling back to sleep after being awakened by their pet.

Dr. Duthuluru said asking about pet ownership during an insomnia history may reveal a "hidden factor behind insomnia."

Not Good Bed Partners

A related study reported at the conference also suggests it's best to keep the family pet out of the bedroom.

Lois Krahn, MD, and colleagues at the Mayo Clinic Center for Sleep Medicine in Phoenix, Arizona, surveyed 110 consecutive patients about their pets as part of a comprehensive sleep questionnaire. They asked about the type and number of pets, where the animals slept, any notable behaviors, and whether the patients were ever disturbed by their pet at night.

They found that 46% of the patients had pets and 42% had more than 1 pet, most often dogs, cats, and birds. One household had 5 dogs and 1 cat.

Ten percent of pet owners surveyed reported being annoyed that their pets sometimes disturbed their sleep by wandering, snoring, whimpering, or needing to "go outside" during the night. One person owned a parrot that consistently squawked at 6:00 a.m., the researchers say.

"Sleep specialists should inquire about companion animals and help patients problem solve about methods to optimize their sleep," they conclude.

"From my perspective, patients will often say, 'I have this old dog that snores and has to go to the bathroom every 15 minutes, what should I do?' And my first thought always is, get rid of that pet," Christopher Winter, MD, who wasn't involved in the study, told Medscape Medical News.

Pets should not be a bed partner, said Dr. Winter, medical director, Martha Jefferson Hospital Sleep Medicine Center in Charlottesville, Virginia, and member of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "We don't want kids sleeping in our beds, but for some reason some people think pets are different, but pets are probably worse than kids in a lot of ways," he said.

The study authors have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

SLEEP 2014: 28th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. Posters 0540 and 0844. Presented June 2, 2014.

    
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