睡不好的影響就像爛醉或吸大麻一樣


  【24drs.com】新研究顯示,大學生睡眠不佳對學業表現的影響,就像喝到爛醉或吸大麻一樣。
  
  明尼蘇達州聖湯瑪斯大學心理學副教授Roxanne Prichard博士表示,對於大專院校,在學生的學院生活初期解決他們的睡眠問題可以「對他們有相當大的經濟效益」。
  
  這篇研究發表於SLEEP 2014-專業睡眠學會第28屆年會。
  
  Prichard博士以及任職於聖湯瑪斯大學經濟系的Monica Hartmann使用「Spring 2009 American College Health Association (ACHA) National College Health Assessment (NCHA)」的資料檢視預測大學生學業問題,如課業落後、成績差、累積學業成績平均點數(GPA)差的因素。
  
  這次分析納入了來自全美、18-25歲大學生的43,000份回覆。
  
  分析結果顯示,校正憂鬱、感到孤獨、出現學習障礙或慢性病等其他影響學業的因素之後,睡眠時間和維持睡眠是學業問題的強力預測因子。
  
  Prichard博士表示,讓這些學生每週減少一天睡不好的日子,可以讓大一新鮮人課業落後的可能性減少達15.38%。
  
  她指出,相較之下,減少爛醉或使用大麻的天數(其他因素如憂鬱和壓力不變)對於課業落後或大學第一年成績差並不會有統計上的顯著影響。研究者指出,對大一新鮮人來說,睡眠不佳的影響更顯著。
  
  Prichard博士建議,一般有大學期間睡眠差的成見,使用提神飲料和吃便宜披薩熬通霄更被認為是大學生活的既定現象,不過,並非如此,許多大學生有一致且良好品質的睡眠,而事實證明,最少有睡眠問題的是那些分數比較好且完成大學學業者。
  
  Prichard博士指出,大專院校在學生資源經費分配上,大多忽略了睡眠問題這一塊。
  
  Prichard博士表示,相較於學習障礙,物質濫用問題,傳染性疾病方面的大學預算,改善睡眠的預算(假設有的話)是微不足道的。如果校方注重讓學生具有效率、活力的健康身體,應重新檢討運用更多資源於幫助學生改善睡眠。
  
  她報告指出,即使是只有500名學生的學院,有單獨預算進行睡眠篩檢計畫仍然有其成本效益。
  
  麻州波士頓哈佛醫學院研究員、達那-法柏癌症研究院、Perini家族存活者中心臨床心理研究員Eric Zhou博士表示,這篇研究認為睡眠不佳是大專院校應確實考量的公衛問題。
  
  Zhou博士指出,如果你走進國內各大專院校內的諮商中心,可幫助改善憂鬱、焦慮和壓力,但不太可能討論到睡眠議題,就經驗和各項報告看來,我們知道,大學生的睡眠問題確實存在。
  
  未參與此次研究的Zhou博士表示,如果不解決這個問題,對我們的學生可能會有傷害。
  
  資料來源:http://www.24drs.com/professional/list/content.asp?x_idno=7087&x_classno=0&x_chkdelpoint=Y
  

Effect of Poor Sleep Equal to That of Binge Drinking, Marijuana Use

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

MINNEAPOLIS — Poor sleep in college kids has an effect on academic performance that is on par with binge drinking and marijuana use, new research shows.

For colleges and universities, addressing sleep problems early in a student's academic career can have a "major economic benefit to their bottom line," study investigator Roxanne Prichard, PhD, associate professor of psychology, University of St. Thomas in St. Paul, Minnesota, told Medscape Medical News.

The study was presented here at SLEEP 2014, the 28th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.

Dr. Prichard and colleague Monica Hartmann in the Economics Department at University of St. Thomas used data from the Spring 2009 American College Health Association (ACHA) National College Health Assessment (NCHA) to examine factors that predict undergraduate academic problems, including dropping a course, earning a lower course grade, and having a lower cumulative grade point average (GPA).

Responses from over 43,000 undergraduate students aged 18 to 25 years attending an institution of higher learning in the United States were included in the analysis.

The results show that sleep timing and maintenance problems are strong predictors of academic problems after controlling for other key factors that contribute to academic success, including depression, feeling isolated, and presence of a learning disability or chronic health issue.

"Reducing the number of days a student experiences a sleep problem by just 1 night a week reduces the probability that a freshman drops a course by 15.38%," Dr. Prichard told Medscape Medical News.

"By comparison, reducing the number of nights of binge drinking or marijuana use (holding other factors like depression and stress constant) does not have a statistical impact on the likelihood of dropping a class or earning lower grades in the first year of college," she noted.

The negative impact of poor sleep is more pronounced for freshman, the researchers note.

"The cultural assumption is that college is a time of bad sleep, and that all-nighters fueled by energy drinks and cheap pizza are just an inherent part of what it means to be a student," Dr. Prichard commented. "However, that's not the case; plenty of students get consistent, good-quality sleep, and as it turns out, the students who report the fewest sleep problems are the ones earning higher grades and completing college."

Dr. Prichard noted that sleep problems are largely overlooked by colleges and universities in terms of how they allocate student resource funds.

"The budget line for improving sleep (if there even is one) tends to be minuscule when compared to the resources universities invest in addressing learning disabilities, substance abuse problems, and contagious illnesses, for example. If campus administrators value a productive, engaged, and healthy student body, then they should reexamine how much resources they can devote toward helping their students achieve better sleep," Dr. Prichard said.

Even for a school with 500 students, it is cost-effective through increased retention rates alone to run a sleep screening program, she reported.

Public Health Issue

"This study suggests that poor sleep is a public health issue for universities to realistically consider having to address," Eric Zhou, PhD, clinical psychology fellow with the Perini Family Survivor's Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and research fellow with Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, told Medscape Medical News.

"If you think about walking into a counseling center at a university or a college in this country, they will have handouts on depression, anxiety, stress, but most likely they will not have anything that discusses sleep issues," Dr. Zhou noted. "And we know, both from experience and reports, that sleep is disrupted in the college setting."

"By not addressing it, I think we are doing a disservice to students," added Dr. Zhou, who was not involved in the study.

The authors and Dr. Zhou have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

SLEEP 2014: 28th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. Oral Presentation: 1068. Presented June 3, 2014.

    
相關報導
軍眷夫妻常有睡眠問題
2016/6/24 下午 01:49:39
針灸緩解更年期相關的睡眠問題
2016/3/8 下午 05:36:52
幼兒睡眠問題與後來的行為問題有關
2015/5/5 上午 10:13:56

上一頁
   1   2   3   4   5  

20
2014/7/2
  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20
2014/7/2
  OTEzNjk1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20
2014/7/2
  
回上一頁