芳香療法可緩解工作壓力


  【24drs.com】根據一篇小型研究結果,芳香療法可以幫助舒緩腫瘤科護士的工作相關壓力。
  
  位於俄亥俄州哥倫布市的James癌症醫院,當精油飄散在護理站的空氣中時,護理人員表示比較不會受到緊張、擔心和被要求的影響。
  
  Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham表示,病患說她病房中的精油揮發器對她相當有幫助,這讓我想到,說不定對我們的員工也可以有幫助。
  
  她和她的研究團隊在腫瘤護理協會第39屆年會中發表這些研究結果。
  
  研究者表示,工作壓力、同情疲勞和倦怠等,一直是腫瘤科護理人員的問題,工作壓力對健康和表現都有負面影響;研究顯示,輔以替代療法如芳香療法,可以幫助緩解心理壓力。
  
  為了瞭解芳香療法是否可以幫助James癌症醫院的護士,Tomlinson-Pinkham等人進行了一項為期6週的研究,研究期間使用一種愉快氣味的精油、擴散在中央護理站。
  
  他們採用「員工認知工作壓力問卷(Perceived Staff Work-Stress Questionnaire)」調查芳香療法介入前後的員工壓力,這問卷有30個問題、以李克特式量表(Likert-type survey)分析4個面向:緊張、憂慮、要求和缺乏喜悅。
  
  25名員工的回覆顯示其中3個面向有顯著改善,平均而言,緊張分數從43減少到37 (P= .002),憂慮分數從26減少到20(P= .013),要求分數從41減少到34 (P= .049)。
  
  Tomlinson-Pinkham表示,唯一沒有正面影響的是缺乏喜悅這項,其分數上升,在研究期間,有許多病患往生且有許多年輕患者,所以持續有許多壓力源,或許因此而造成這項結果。
  
  她指出,介入之後,大部份員工對於芳香療法有更多瞭解,並且願意在規律基礎上加以嘗試。
  
  加拿大Calgary大學腫瘤科教授、Tom Baker癌症中心社會心理資源部臨床心理師、研究主任、未參與此次研究的Linda Carlson博士表示,重點在於,這是一個非隨機、知情的、在小樣本護理站進行的前後對照研究。
  
  Carlson博士表示,在介入期間,這些護士表示在緊張、憂慮和要求這幾項有顯著改善,且她們似乎還滿喜歡這個方法的。這次可說是正面但相當初步的結果,因為沒有對照組,所以無法結論說是芳香療法造成改善;可能是因為那段期間的其他任何事情導致。
  
  資料來源:http://www.24drs.com/professional/list/content.asp?x_idno=7077&x_classno=0&x_chkdelpoint=Y
  

Aromatherapy May Ease Work Stress

By Megan Brooks
Medscape Medical News

Aromatherapy could help relieve work-related stress among oncology nurses, according to the results of a small study.

When an essential oil was diffused in the nurses station at James Cancer Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, the nurses reported being less affected by tension, worry, and demands.

"A patient who had a diffuser in her room was saying how much it helped her; that's how we got the idea of seeing whether it could help our staff," Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, MSN, RN, OCN, told Medscape Medical News.

She and her colleagues presented their study at the Oncology Nursing Society 39th Annual Congress in Anaheim, California.

The problem of work stress, compassion fatigue, and burnout are well documented among oncology nurses, say the investigators. Work stress can negatively affect health and performance. Research shows that complementary alternative medicine approaches, including aromatherapy, can help ease psychological stress.

To see if it would help the nurses at James Cancer Hospital, Tomlinson-Pinkham and colleagues conducted a 6-week study, during which a pleasant-smelling essential oil was diffused in the central nurses station.

They measured staff work stress before and after the aromatherapy intervention using the Perceived Staff Work-Stress Questionnaire. This 30-question Likert-type survey has 4 subscales: tension, worry, demands, and lack of joy.

Responses from 25 staff members indicated significant improvement on 3 of the subscales. On average, scores for tension fell from 43 to 37 (P = .002), scores for worry fell from 26 to 20 (P = .013), and scores for demand fell from 41 to 34 (P = .049).

"The only subscale that did not reflect a positive effect was the lack of joy, which actually increased. But at the time, we had a lot of deaths on the floor and we had a lot of young patients on the floor, so we had a lot of stressors going on, which may have contributed to this outcome," Tomlinson-Pinkham said.

After the intervention, the majority of staff felt more knowledgeable about aromatherapy and open to "trying it" on a regular basis, she added.

Positive But Preliminary

It is important to note that this was a "nonrandomized, nonblinded pre–post study in a nursing station with a small sample," said Linda Carlson, PhD, RPsych, a clinical psychologist and director of research in the Department of Psychosocial Resources at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre, and professor in the Department of Oncology at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada, who wasn't involved in the study.

"The nurses reported significant improvements in tension, worry, and demands over the course of the intervention, and they seemed to like it," Dr. Carlson told Medscape Medical News. "These would be considered positive but very preliminary data. You can't conclude that the improvements were due to the aromatherapy without a comparison group; it could have been because of anything going on during that time frame," she said.

doTERRA supplied 1 essential oil diffuser and 12 bottles of essential oils. The investigators and Dr. Carlson have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) 39th Annual Congress: Poster 42. Presented May 1, 2014.

    
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