世界癌症日強調預防


  【24drs.com】2月4日是世界癌症日,國際癌症控制小組(UICC)與其夥伴組織將在全球舉辦活動,以讓大眾、政界、健康政策制定者對於日益上升的癌症危機有更多警覺。
  
  根據UICC指出,每年的世界癌症日是為了讓全球一起對抗癌症的特別活動,該組織指出,抗癌行動相當重要,因為對人類存活有巨大影響;預估全球的癌症病例數在2030年時將倍增到接近2,140萬,近三分之二的診斷病例是發生在中低收入國家。
  
  UICC執行長Cary Adams在聲明中表示,我們在世界癌症日這天呼應世界衛生組織的信念:降低癌症等非社區型疾病的死亡率,在2025年前降至25%,但是,須仰賴我們共同合作實現可行的介入方式才有可能。癌症無國界,所以我們都有責任對抗這個侵犯性疾病。
  
  今年的活動主題是「癌症是可以預防的」,2012年全球癌症日活動除了要達成募款,也要改變個人的生活型態,鼓勵參與者承諾做出健康選擇。
  
  根據美國癌症研究中心(AICR)的專家,美國在2008年有1,437,199例新癌症病例;估計在2030年將有2,220,692例新案例—增加55%。在墨西哥,預估也會增加55%;在加拿大預估會增加66%。
  
  AICR利用這次機會強調,三分之一的常見癌症可以藉由改變生活型態而預防,包括健康飲食、多運動、維持健康體重。
  
  根據AICR,這意味著2,220,692例新案例中的740,000例是可避免的。
  
  AICR營養師Alice Bender在聲明中表示,我們知道美國人口到了2030年會更加老化,癌症會隨著年紀而更常見,但是不必然會發生。她解釋,關鍵在於健康的老化,年老時要聰明飲食、多活動、維持健康體重,就可以降低許多癌症的風險。
  
  Bender 強調,很清楚的是,即刻採取行動,今日所做,每天小小的健康改變,即可減少明日的癌症機會。
  
  Stand Up To Cancer和UICC共同發表長期結盟聲明,採多元聯合活動支持世界癌症日。今年,著重在運用社會媒體。為了聯合線上社群,該活動將納入許多社會媒體工具。臉書上將會有2012世界癌症日的應用程式,可讓參與者藉由自己的臉書狀態作出承諾。Twitter上面也有另外一個活動,使用#WorldCancerDay作為趨勢主題的話,就可以使全球共同分享自己的承諾。
  
  這些努力促成了2011年世界癌症日活動的成功;去年2月4日有將近67,000個臉書狀態發佈捐款,對全球癌症的負擔產生認知。
  
  資料來源:http://www.24drs.com/professional/list/content.asp?x_idno=6717&x_classno=0&x_chkdelpoint=Y

World Cancer Day Emphasizes Prevention

By Roxanne Nelson
Medscape Medical News

February 3, 2012 — February 4 is World Cancer Day. The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and its partner organizations will run campaigns all over the globe to raise awareness and to bring the growing cancer crisis to the attention of the public, government leaders, and health policymakers.

The annual World Cancer Day is "the singular initiative under which the entire world can unite together in the fight against the global cancer epidemic," according to the UICC. The organization notes that urgent action against cancer is vital because of its huge impact on human suffering. The number of cancer cases worldwide is projected to nearly double to 21.4 million by 2030, and nearly two thirds of all diagnoses will occur in low- and middle-income countries.

"On World Cancer Day, we echo the World Health Organization's belief that we can reduce deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as cancer, by 25% by 2025, but this is only possible if we work together to realize achievable and impactful interventions," said Cary Adams, UICC chief executive officer, in a statement. "Cancer knows no boundaries, so we all must take responsibility for beating this devastating disease. Together it is possible."

This year, the main theme is "Cancer can be prevented." The 2012 World Cancer Day initiative will operate not only to collect monetary pledges, but also pledges of individual lifestyle changes, and will encourage participants to commit to making healthy choices.

According to experts at the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), there were 1,437,199 new cases of cancer in the United States in 2008; it is estimated that there will be 2,220,692 new cases in the year 2030 — a 55% increase. In Mexico, a 55% increase is also projected; in Canada, a 66% increase is projected.

The AICR is taking this opportunity to highlight the fact that about one third of the most common cancers can be prevented by altering lifestyle habits, such as eating healthy, being physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight.

That means that more than 740,000 of the predicted 2,220,692 cancers don't have to happen, according to the AICR.

"We know that the US population will grow, and grow older, by 2030.... Cancer becomes more common as we age, but it's not inevitable," said Alice Bender, an AICR registered dietitian, in a statement.

"The key is aging healthfully," she explained. "By eating smart, moving more, and keeping weight off as we age, we can lower our risk for many cancers."

The message is clear, Bender emphasized. "The time to take action is right now. The small everyday healthy changes we make today will mean fewer cancers tomorrow."

Stand Up To Cancer and the UICC have announced a long-term alliance, with a multiplatform collaborative campaign in support of World Cancer Day. This year, social media will be playing a significant role in the campaign. In an effort to rally the online community, key elements of the campaign will involve a range of social media tools. There is a dedicated 2012 World Cancer Day application on Facebook that will allow participants to make a personal pledge by donating their Facebook status. A companion campaign has been set up on Twitter, using #WorldCancerDay as a trending topic, which will enable the global community to publicly share their commitment.

This effort builds on the highly successful 2011 World Cancer Day activities; almost 67,000 Facebook status donations were made last February 4 to generate awareness of the global burden of cancer.

    
相關報導
改變生活型態可預防50%的常見癌症
2012/9/11 上午 10:51:31

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